Offshore Wind Cover2

Jun 2023

Making Offshore Wind Transmission Work for Communities

By 2030, NY and NJ’s first offshore wind farms could be operating, helping to achieve clean energy goals. But getting there will require collaboration, engagement, and wise investments for beneficial community outcomes.

Key Findings



Offshore Wind View from shore

Turbines will be located 10 or more miles offshore, making them hard to see from land.

Even though offshore turbines are hard to see from land, they are quite large — about half the height of the Empire State Building.

Today’s offshore wind turbines can be over 800 feet, including blades that stretch to 350 feet in length, and have the capacity to generate 14 MW of power per turbine

Black Marble

The demand for electricity in the New York-New Jersey region is high and likely to grow, while the two states also must transition away from fossil fuels.

Government agencies, offshore wind developers and contractors, and local residents and stakeholders must find ways to collaborate and achieve mutually beneficial outcomes for the good of the local community, and the greater needs of the planet.


Offshore Wind and the Electric Grid

Transmission Infra final

The Electric Grid and Offshore Wind Transmission


Understanding Offshore Wind Transmission and Its Impacts

Wind turbine tall
Offshore Sub Offshore Wind Spot Illustrations Tall
Export Cables Spot Illustrations2
Landfall offshore wind illo
Road cable offshore wind
Onshore substation1 talll
Onshore substation2 talll

Trying to Get Transmission Done Without Delay


Creating Beneficial Outcomes for Communities

A Note on Communities and Community Stakeholders

In the next few sections, we will be talking a lot about communities and community stakeholders. In general, when we discuss a community” or community members,” we’re talking about the people (residents, business owners, workers, and local government actors) who reside or spend time in a community where offshore wind transmission projects are being considered/are being implemented. In addition to the immediate community, community stakeholders” include those in the community, plus those with an interest in that community, be they interest groups in support of or opposed to offshore wind, the offshore wind developer, state and federal governments, and beyond.

Municipalities Interacting with Offshore Wind Infrastructure

Sources: BOEM, various project websites and Construction and Operations Plans, agency and organizational websites.

Project NameCable Landing MunicipalityTransmission Pathway MunicipalitiesInterconnection Municipality (Coverter Station or Substation)Station NameAnticipated Date of Operation
Ocean Wind 1Ocean City; Upper TownshipOcean City; Upper TownshipUpper TownshipBL England2023
Ocean Township*; Lacey Township*; Berkeley Township*Ocean Township*; Lacey Township*; Berkeley Township*Lacey TownshipOyster Creek2023
South Fork WindEast Hampton (Wainscott)East HamptonEast HamptonSFEC Interconnection Facility (Beach Lane)2023
Sunrise WindBrookhaven (Fire Island)Brookhaven (Fire Island); ShirleyBrookhavenHolbrook2025
Empire WindNew York City (Brooklyn)New York City (Brooklyn)New York City (Brooklyn)Gowanus (Project 1)2026
Long Beach*; Hempstead*Long Beach; Island Park; OceansideIsland Park*; Oceanside*Barrett/Oceanside (Project 2)2027
Atlantic Shores SouthAtlantic CityAtlantic City; Egg Harbor Township; PleasantvilleEgg Harbor TownshipCardiff (Project 1)2027
Beacon WindNew York City (Queens)New York City (Queens)New York City (Astoria, Queens)Astoria Gateway for Renewable Energy (AGRE)2028
Ocean Wind 2TBDTBDTBDTBD2029

*Tentatively planned route

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Landfall Spot Illustrations tall

Engagement is most meaningful when it is viewed as an opportunity to listen and build trust.

Community offshore wind

Implications & Desired Outcomes


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